If you have everything you need, you can expect to be in Canada in 6 months or even less, through the Express Entry program, which is by far the most common way of immigrating to Canada.
But if you are just starting the process, you need to consider the time that will take you to get everything you need in place.
Also, there are more than 90 different ways of immigrating, and each one will have its own times.
The Federal Skilled Worker Program processing time is 6 months or less.
But that is only the processing time, which starts counting after you apply.
You also need to consider the time it will take for you to get ready and apply. Here are some times to consider:
|1||Research||Time you spend researching different ways to immigrate to Canada, and planning what you'll need.||1 month|
|2||English Exam||Time to schedule IELTS and prepare for it||6-12 months|
|3||Save Money||Save the money you'll need||12 months|
|4||Get ECA||Get Education Credentials Assessment||2 months|
|5||Get Documentation||Gather documents like police certificates, proof of funds, etc.||1 month|
|6||Create Express Entry Profile||Fill all the forms needed||1 week|
|7||Wait for ITA||Wait for Invitation to Apply and try to boost your score in the meanwhile||6-12 months|
|8||Apply||Fill all the forms needed||1 week|
|9||Wait for approval||Canada takes some time to process applications||6 months|
|10||Medical Exams||Schedule and do the medical exams required||1 month|
|11||Arrange Travel||Buy tickets, pack, etc.||3 months|
Most steps to immigrate to Canada happen in parallel, so a more realistic timeline will look like this:
Of course, the timeline above is just an example, and each case is different. For an example, you might not need less time to save the money, or more time to prepare for IELTS.
But it should give you a good ballpark estimation of how long a typical person takes to immigrate to Canada.
The final time estimation for your case will be very specific to your current situation. That's why good research and planning are vital to any immigration project.
After you have a province nomination in hands, the process usually takes 6 months or less.
But each province nomination program will have different requirements and times.
There are dozens of Provincial Nominee Programs currently active. To get a more precise estimation, you need to understand each process separately.
Typically, a PNP process requires you to have some work experience and/or job offer on the province, so here is a possible estimation on how long PNP can take:
|1||Research||Study the PNP you are interested||1 month|
|2||Travel||Go to the province as a temporary resident||4 months|
|3||Get work experience||Get temporary work experience (usually through studies)||1 year|
|4||Get a job offer||Try to get a permanent job offer||1 year|
The table above is just a generic estimation. The real values change a lot from case to case.
A study permit will take around 9 weeks to be processed.
But a study permit is not a permanent residence. Students are officially temporary residents. Which means they are expected to leave after they complete the studies.
However, studying in Canada will open doors for several immigration processes, so it can be (and usually is) a means to an end.
How long it will take for you to become a permanent resident through studies will depend on several factors, like:
So, as usual, each case is a different case. To get a more precise estimation, you need to do a solid research work and a good planning on your specific case.
That said, here is a typical timeline for immigration to Canada through studies:
In general, a typical immigration process to Canada takes between 1 and 3 years of total time.
That includes time to research, plan, get documents, study English, save money, apply, etc.
Of course, it will depend on how prepared you are. For an example, if you have a good level of English, you won't need to spend much time on it.
Or if, for an example, you already have some money saved, you can also speed up your process, when compared to someone that still needs to save the funds. Same goes for French, education, work experience, etc.
On top of that, there are more than 90 different ways to immigrate to Canada. Each one has its own requirements and times to be respected.
Long story short, the total time it will take to immigrate to Canada is very specific to each case. As mentioned above, a good research and planning phase will give you the answer for your specific case.