We might be sounding repetetive here, but Federal Skilled Worker Program is all about skills. And by skills, IRCC (Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada) means education + work experience.
On this article we'll talk about how to prove that you have the required education.
So, let's say you went through college, post-graduation program, masters, etc. And you got all the diplomas to prove it. The thing is that colleges and course programs are different all over the world, and there is no way IRCC is able to keep track of it.
That's why you need to do an Education Credential Assessment (ECA). It will tell what is the Canadian education level that is equivalent to yours.
Basically, a certified institution will make sure your diploma/certification is valid and equal to a Canadian one.
You only need to get an assessment for your highest level of education. For an example, if you have a Master's degree, you only need an assessment for that degree, you don't need one for your Bachelor's degree.
An ECA will garantee your diploma is valid in Canada, but if you will work on a regulated profession, you still need to get your license in the province that you plan to settle in. Example of regulated professions are Medical Doctors or Lawyers. More information here.
Physicians and Pharmacists will have to get the assessment via specific entities. More information here
Visit each organization site for more details on process, fees and times. Their process are very similar, here is a generalized summary:
IMPORTANT: No matter which organization you chose, your assessment must be issued for immigration purposes.
Does my spouse need to do an education assessment too?
No. But if you both do it, you might earn more points.
How long does it take?
It will depend on the organization, your region, etc. But consider the time needed for carrier to deliver the documents back and forth.
How much will it cost?
It also depends on the organization, your region, etc. Please visit their website for more details.